Abstract #T183

# T183
Nutritional composition of a Musa sp. fodder bank located in the central part of Costa Rica.
Pablo Chacon Hernandez*1, Carlos Boschini Figueroa1, Ricardo Russo Andrade1, 1Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro, San José, Costa Rica.

Bananas are widely grown in tropical areas and a large proportion of the production is related to the pseudo-stem which is not normally utilized. We hypothesized that this material could be used depending on its nutritional quality. Using a completely randomized block design with 3 replicates, the nutritional composition was evaluated on a Musa sp. fodder bank located at the University of Costa Rica’s Alfredo Volio Mata Experimental Station during the rainy season of 2012. Five adult plants were harvested on each block at 20–25 cm above ground and divided into 5 sections for sampling (base, center and tip of the pseudo-stem and blades and petioles of the leaves). For the whole plant mean values of 9.22% of DM, 8.57% of CP, 58.02% of NDF, 37.59% of ADF, 9.25% of LIG, 28.34% of CEL, 20.42% of HEMI, 2.35% of EE, 14.17% of ASH, 6.91% of NDICP and 6.91% of NFC were obtained; also, statistical differences among plant parts were found (P < 0.05). Despite the low dry matter content, banana plant portions may be utilized as ingredient in ruminant diets, especially in areas where the crop is commonly grown. Table 1. Nutritional composition of the Musa sp. plant
Bromatological composition (%) Pseudo-stem Leaves
Base Center Tip Petiole Lamina
DM 3.93e 4.97d 6.13c 10.38b 20.68a
CP 5.61b 5.87b 5.99b 5.56b 19.82a
NDF 50.63d 55.71c 54.29c 61.34b 68.11a
ADF 33.82c 37.50b 36.15bc 44.24a 36.24bc
LIG 6.84c 7.57c 7.15c 9.90b 14.79a
CEL 26.98c 29.94b 29.01bc 34.34a 21.46d
HEMI 16.81c 18.21b 18.14b 17.10bc 31.86a
EE 1.62b 1.96b 2.07b 1.85b 4.27a
ASH 19.30a 16.73b 13.99c 11.74d 9.12e
NDICP 3.83b 3.72b 3.83b 3.89b 19.26a
NFC 26.68a 23.45a 27.49a 23.41a 17.96b
a–eStatistical differences in the same row (P < 0.05).

Key Words: fodder bank, Musa, bromatology