Abstract #T68

# T68
Macrominerals requirements for growth of Canindé goats.
Luana P. S. Ribeiro*1, Ariosvaldo N. Medeiros2, Francisco F. R. Carvalho3, Elzânia S. Pereira4, Anaiane P. Souza5, José Maurício S. Neto5, Cláudio G. S. Junior2, Gabriel C. L. Branco2, Andreia B. Bezerra2, 1Federal University of Bahia, Salvador city, Bahia, Brazil, 2Federal University of Paraíba, Areia city, Paraiba, Brazil, 3Federal University Rural of Pernambuco, Recife city, Pernambuco, Brazil, 4Federal University Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil, 5State University Sao Paulo, Jaboticabal city, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Minerals are important constituents of structural tissues, metabolism and body fluids; however, the mineral nutritional requirements remain poorly quantified in goats. In fact, the values are estimated from other species. Therefore, the objective of this study was to predict the net requirement of Ca, P, Mg, Na, and K for growth of Canindé kids. Thirty 3 castrated kids (15.65 ± 0.41 kg of initial BW) were used, 5 of which were slaughtered at the beginning of the experiment to determine the initial body composition. The 28 remaining goats were distributed in a completely randomized design, kept in individual pens, and fed 4 levels (treatments) of intake: 1) ad libitum (100%), 2) 80%, 3) 60%, and 4) 40%. The diet consisted of 55% forage (Tifton) and 45% concentrate. The goats were slaughtered when the animals fed ad libitum reached 26.55 ± 0.65 kg of BW. The carcasses and organs were weighed, homogenized and sampled for chemical analysis. A comparative slaughter method for assessing body composition and estimation of nutritional requirements was used (Garret et al., 1959). The data were analyzed by the REG procedure of SAS. Body composition were estimated from the predicted equation obtained by regressing the logarithm of the weight of each mineral in the empty body, for animals with 15 to 25 kg. The values (g kg-1 EBW) for Ca, P, Mg, K and Na ranged from 10.49 to 12.59, 8.08 to 7.16, 0.18 to 0.44, 1.63 to 1.37, and 1.59 to 4.09, respectively. The net requirements for growth were estimated by the first derivative of the allometric equations. The values (g kg-1 EBW) for Ca, P, Mg, K and Na ranged from 10.91 to 13.83, 5.00 to 4.67, 0.36 to 0.93, 1.40 to 1.75 and 3.34 to 9.06, respectively. This study indicates that indigenous goats have lower requirements of Ca, Mg and Na, and greater requirements of P and K when compared with current feeding system recommendations.

Key Words: body composition, goat, nutrition